USAC's responsibility is to administer universal service support. Universal service support is money collected from telecommunications companies and then dedicated to fulfilling the goals of universal service.
The first step is to determine whether or not your company should file to be compliant with the FCC Rules. All intrastate, interstate, and international providers of telecommunications services (including VoIP providers) within the United States, with limited exceptions, are legally obligated to file the FCC Form 499-A and FCC Form 499-Q. To learn more, visit the Who Must File web page.
The next step, if your company must file, is to register with the FCC to receive an FCC Registration Number (FRN), also known as your CORES ID.
Once your company has a CORES ID, register with USAC to receive a Filer ID and E-File credentials.
Once your company is registered with the FCC and USAC, your company is now considered a filer and will need to determine its de minimis status. If your company is considered a de minimis company, it is exempt from directly contributing to the universal service fund for a given year.
If a filer is non-de minimis, the next step is to submit the FCC Form 499-Q to report projected future quarter revenues. This report will be used to calculate your company's monthly federal universal service contribution obligation for the upcoming quarter.
USAC will generate invoices based on the quarterly revenues projected on Line 120 of a filer's FCC Form 499-Q and the filer will make its payment by the stated due date, generally the 15th of each month.
On an annual basis, a filer must submit the FCC Form 499-A, due on April 1 each year, to report the prior year's actual revenue.
USAC will share the data it receives through the FCC Forms 499 with the Telecommunications Relay Service (TRS), Local Number Portability (LNP), and North American Numbering Plan (NANP) fund administrators, as well as with the FCC, as appropriate. For more information about these administrators, visit the TRS, LNP, NANPA, ITSP web page.
USAC will compare the annual revenues reported on Line 423 of the FCC Form 499-A to the quarterly projections of the FCC Form 499-Q and will true up universal service billings. These adjustments are applied to the filer's July, August, and September invoices.
If a filer finds that it has made an error in reporting revenue on either the FCC Form 499-A or FCC Form 499-Q, it may submit a revised filing with USAC via E-File during the revision window. This revised revenue data will be reviewed by USAC and any applicable true up corrections will be applied to the company's account.
When a company ceases providing the services that require it to file the FCC Forms 499 or contribute to the universal service fund, that company must deactivate its Filer ID. In many cases, this also means the company must deactivate its 498 ID (formerly known as SPIN) with USAC as well.